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Pictor Acadmey

Teaching & Learning in Phonics

Phonics is all about using

Skills for reading and spelling plus Knowledge of the alphabet.


Learning phonics will help your child to become a good reader and writer.


Daily Phonics

  • Every day the children between 20 – 30 minute sessions of phonics.

  • Fast paced approach.

  • We use the Letters and Sounds planning document to support the teaching of phonics and Jolly Phonics.

  • There are 6 phonics phases which the children work through at their own pace.


Phonic terms

  • Phonemes: The smallest units of sound that are found within a word
  • Grapheme: The spelling of the sound e.g. Th
  • Diagraph: Two letters that make one sound when read
  • Trigraphs: Three letters that make one sound
  • CVC: Stands for consonant, vowel, consonant.
  • Segmenting is breaking up a word into its sounds.
  • Blending : Putting the sounds together to read a word
  • Tricky words: Words that cannot easily be decoded


Saying the sounds

Sounds should be articulated clearly and precisely.

Tricky Word List to Practice Spelling & Reading

Articulation of Phonemes

A useful video clip showing the correct 'pure' pronounciation of phonemes (units of sound).

The Phonic phases


Phase 1

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.


Phase 2

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.


Phase 3

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code",

i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language


Phase 4

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump


Phase 5

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know


Phase 6

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc


More information on the phases 2 – 6 can be found in the links below.


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